Originators of the "way of the warrior"
The Samurai Bushido Code (Japanese "way of the warrior", or bushido), was the warrior code of the samurai.
Samurai Warrior Code was a strict code that demanded:
Under this code, if a samurai warrior failed to uphold his honor he could regain it by performing seppuku (ritual suicide).
The samurai warrior code is an internally-consistent ethical code, grounded in the spiritual approach of the Rinzai school of Zen Buddhism.
In its purest form, it demands of its practitioners that they look effectively backward at the present from the moment of their own death, as if they were already, in effect, dead.
The Samurai warrior training consisted mostly of these martial arts weapons:
The Bushido of the Samurai was also a spiritual basis for those who committed kamikaze attacks during World War II.
For this reason many of the martial arts that are rooted in Japanese Bushido were banned by the occupying Americans during the post-war occupation.
Bushido is still practiced today (in modified forms) and in many of today's modern martial arts. The most common forms of bushido martial arts, still practiced in Japan today, are:
The modern sport of Kendo
takes its basic philosophy from Japanese Bushido, in particular, the
theory that the entire purpose of the sport is "one cut, one kill".
Unlike in other martial arts, extended contact, or multiple strikes, tends to be discouraged in favor of clean single strokes on the body or the head.
Samurai Bushido can be summed up in four main principles of a strict military code of honor and devotion: